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|Wysłany: Wto 7:36, 21 Sty 2014 Temat postu: Positive And Negative Reinforcement
Positive And Negative Reinforcement
Positive reinforcements (primary and also secondary reinforcements) are occasionally compared to the old 'rewards system'. Quite simply, it is giving the kids what they desire or require when they have done just what we wanted them to do.
Food, for instance, supplied to the child as a reward for a specific thing accomplished is a primary reinforcement. Secondary reinforcements aren rewarding at the beginning, but they will be after accumulating for a time period. Cash is considered a secondary reinforcement.
However yet another way with discipline will be getting the youngsters think about their own actions and behaving in appropriate ways. Sanctions are calculated to help kids behave and act in moral ways,[url=http://www.floware.fr]michael kors pas cher[/url].
Sanctions include 1) temporary exclusion from the group; 2) calling the kid attention to the effects created by his actions; 3) depriving the child of what he neglected; and 4) restitution. Restitution means he must make good that which he has done wrong or ill.
Timely exclusion means a child will be asked to go out of the group right up until he can take part and also follow the group's rules. From time to time, this particular action doesn work with all types. Shy types would leave and never come back.
Calling the attention of the child rulebreaker to the consequences associated with his actions (for instance, breaking crayons) is one other sanction. Once more, quite often not all child lawbreakers will probably really feel the weight of this. A child may possibly defiantly point out that he doesn care.
What this means is maybe it the moment to use the 3rd sanction.
Depriving the use of anything a young child has abused or misused is oftentimes effective. Just like all sanctions, this relates to the child's previous action. The kid might not make use of any crayons for the reason that he broke them.
Restitution is an extremely necessary sanction that can be used in discipline. This means "making good that which you have harmed." A kid that broke the crayons of person will have to "restitute" or replace the crayons just before he admitted in the group again.
Understanding young children and behaviour complications will be the primary concerns before instituting any kind of method of selfdiscipline in schools and even in the homes. It is fair for all concerned the offenders and also the dogooders.
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